Team " Engineering for the restoration of natural and cultural heritage "
This team is developing genuine ecological engineering for the restoration of natural (nursery species, etc.) and cultural heritage (analysis, identification and use of natural substances), enabling transfers to the professional world (patents) and significant advances in the field of ecology (regeneration and structuring of plant communities under recurrent constraints, long-term resilience, biodiversity-stability links, etc.) and chemistry (new biomarkers, markers of natural or anthropogenic degradation, etc.).

Team "Biomarkers, Environment, Health
The objectives of the BES team are to understand the molecular, cellular, metabolic and physiological mechanisms developed by organisms and/or humans to cope with environmental constraints and to establish links between environmental stresses and organism plasticity. They are based on the following points:

  • understand and characterise impacts taking into account biotic and abiotic factors,
  • describe and explain the effects observed by complementary approaches ranging from molecular and cellular biology to physiological and behavioural analysis
  • carry out analyses in the laboratory, in limited animal experiments (e.g. mesocosms) and in real field conditions.


At the IUT, our unit is represented by 7 teacher-researchers and a CNRS research director, 6 of whom belong to the Biological Engineering department of the Avignon University IUT and 1 to the Marketing Techniques department (Marthe Lucas).
IMBE permanent and associate members, IRPNC team at the Avignon University IUT.

IMBE permanent members, BES team at the Avignon University IUT.

PhD students on IUT premises (2023).
Saby L. 2022-2025. Using local, nature-based solutions to restore Mediterranean grassland ecosystems after alluvial quarrying. Office 12, ground floor TC.
Rocher L. 2020-2024. Identification of plant species favouring natural enemies in viticulture with the aim of improving this ecosystem service by sowing. Office 6 RDC GB.
Mutillod C. 2021-2024. Restoring or rewilding ecosystems? The case of the dry grasslands of the Causse Méjean (Lozère, France). Office 12 RDC TC.
Blaya R. 2021-2024. Spatio-temporal dynamics and effects of global changes on ant communities of small Mediterranean islands and islets. Office 2 DRC GB.
Melloul E. 2021-2024. Adaptive management in Mediterranean wine-growing agrosystems: response of vines, vegetation and soil biodiversity to water availability in a context of climate change. Office 2 RDC GB.
Kubien S. 2019-2024. Avoidance in environmental assessments: from theory to implementation. Office 118, floor 1, TC. (ATER TC 2022-2024)
Medeiros NF. 2023-2025. Successful ecological restoration of open tropical and subtropical biomes . Office 12, RDC TC.
- De Oliveira SJ. 2021-2024. Ecosystem services provided by arthropods in Brazilian forest fragments and French vineyards. Office 4 RDC GB.
Latest publications with international impact published in 2023.
  • Arruda AJ, Medeiros NF, Fiorini CF, Ordonez-Parra CA, Dayrell RLC, Messeder JVS, Zanetti M, Wardil MV, Paiva DC, Kozovits AR, Buisson ELe Stradic S, Silveira FAO 2023 Ten principles for restoring campo rupestre, a threatened tropical, megadiverse, nutrient-impoverished montane grassland. Restoration Ecology, 13924
  • Arslan DErnoul L, Bechet A, Donduren O, Siki M, Galewski T 2023 Using literature and expert knowledge to determine changes in the bird community over a century in a Turkish wetland. Mar Freshw Res, Special Issue, 74(3):220-233, 21332
  • Rocher L, Melloul E, Blight O, Bischoff A 2023. Effect of spontaneous vegetation on beneficial arthropods in Mediterranean vineyards. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 359, 108740.
  • Laffon L, Bischoff ABlaya R, Lescourret F, Franck P 2024. Spontaneous flowering vegetation favours hoverflies and parasitoid wasps in apple orchards but has low cascading effects on biological pest control. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 108766.
  • Durbecq A, Bischoff A, Buisson ECorcket E, Jaunatre R 2023. Using priority effects for grassland restoration: sequential sowing can promote subordinate species. Applied Vegetation Science, 12748.
  • Vidaller CJouet A, Van Mechelen C, De Almeida T, Cortet J, Rivière L, Mahy G, Hermy M, Dutoit T 2023. Coexistence and succession of spontaneous and planted vegetation on extensive Mediterranean green roofs: Impacts on soil, seed banks, and Mesofauna. Land, special issue "Green Roofs in Arid and Semi-arid Climates" , 12(9), 1726
  • Mutillod CBaumberger T, Prudent P, Saatkamp A, Vidal E, Le-Mire-Pecheux L. Affre L 2023 Yellow-legged gull populations (Larus michahellis) link the history of landfills to soil eutrophication and time-related vegetation changes on small Mediterranean islands. Science of The Total Environment, 878, 162948.
  • Fanton H, Affre L, Franquet E, Bertrand C, Cavalli L, Dumas E, Guiller C, Kaldonski N, Meineri E, Mutillod COursel B, Pavon D, Thorel M, Tatoni T, Fayolle S 2023 Heavy ionic pollution disrupts assemblages of algae, macroinvertebrates and riparian vegetation. Environmental Pollution, 331, 121791
  • Lyons K, ... Buisson E... Temperton VM 2023 Challenges and opportunities for grassland restoration: A global perspective of best practices in the era of climate change. Global Ecology and Evolution, e02612
  • Bulot A, Bourru E, Ruy S, Dutoit T 2023 Soil transfer impacts restored soil profiles and their hydrodynamic properties. CATENA 231, 107308
  • Salado I, Álvarez-Blanco P, Boulay R, Blight OAbril S, Cerdá X, Angulo E 2023 The variability of iridomyrmecin, the venom of the Argentine ant, in its native and invasive ranges. Chemoecology 10.1007
  • Blaix C, Chabrerie O, Alard D., Catteroub M, Diquelou S, Dutoit T et al. 2023 Forage nutritive value shows synergies with plant diversity in a wide range of semi-natural grassland habitats. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 347, 108369
  • Gerrits GM, Waenink R, Aradottir A, Buisson E, Dutoit T et al. 2023 Synthesis on the effectiveness of soil translocation for plant community restoration. Journal of Applied Ecology 14364
  • Daly EZ, Chabrerie O, Massol F, Facon B, Hess M, Tasiemski A, Grandjean F, Chauvat M, Viard F, Forey E, Folcher L, Boivin T, Buisson EHeger T, Richardson DM, Renault D 2023 A synthesis of biological invasion hypotheses associated with the introduction-naturalisation-invasion continuum. Oikos 09645
  • Marfouaa M, Buisson EBissati-Bouafia S, Eddoud A, Benchettouh A 2023 Improving seed germination of native species for camel rangeland restoration: effects of cold stratification and temperature. Botany Letters, 101080
  • Slodowicz D, Durbecq ALadouceur E, Eschen R, Humbert JY, Arlettaz R 2023 The relative effectiveness of different grassland restoration methods: A systematic literature search and meta-analysis. Ecological Solutions and Evidence 4(2). 12221
  • Bröder L, Tatin LHochkirch A 2023 Quantifying predation to insects: An experimental approach. Global Ecology and Conservation e02485
  • Saatkamp A, Falzon N, Argagnon O, Noble V, Dutoit TMeineri E 2023 Calibrating ecological indicator values and niche width for a Mediterranean flora. Plant Biosystems, 104399
  • Special issue of Frontiers in Ecology and EvolutionOrigin, Conservation, and Restoration of the Threatened European Grassland Ecosystem in the Anthropocene "by Mahy G, Dutoit TKiehl K, Bischoff ATörök P (Volume 11, 2022-2023).
    • Durbecq A, Jaunatre R, Buisson EFavale C, Maudieu N, Bischoff A 2023 Persisting effects of seed bed preparation and early grazing on plant communities in grassland restoration. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 11, 1152549
    • Lambert Q, Bischoff AGros R 2023 Photovoltaic power stations: an opportunity to promote European semi-natural grasslands? Frontiers in Environmental Sciences 11, 1137845
    • Rivière L, Sellier A, Dutoit T, Vidaller C, Buisson EMahy G 2023 The contribution of seedbank to the dynamic of a green roof plant community analogous to semi-natural grasslands. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 11, 1152319
    • Jaunatre R, Buisson ELe Borgne E, Dutoit T 2023 Soil fertility and landscape surrounding former arable fields drive the ecological resilience of Mediterranean dry grassland plant communities. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 11, 1148226
    • Blight OGeslin B, Mottet L, Albert C. 2023. Advantages and limits of radio tracking for the conservation of small ground-dwelling beetles: a case study in a Mediterranean dry grassland. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. 11, 1040931
    • Martin M, Courtial A, Génin A, Ramone H, Dutoit T 2022 Why grazing and soil matter for dry grassland diversity: new insights from multigroup structural equation modelling of micro-patterns. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. 11, 103389.
    • Non-indexed publications (2023)
    • Dutoit TGauquelin T, Perez T, Tatoni T 2023 Les Echos-Logiques. Actes Sud, Arles, 128 pages.
    • Lucas MTreillard A 2023 From the non-standard to the common law: forward thinking on ordinary nature. Revue Juridique de l'Environnement HS22 (48):379-386.

To see all publications from previous years (since 2012), click here